Dating the Iroquois Confederacyby Bruce E. The Haudenosaunee Iroquois Confederacy, one of the world's oldest democracies, is at least three centuries older than most previous estimates, according to research by Barbara Mann and Jerry Fields of Toledo University, Ohio. Using a combination of documentary sources, solar eclipse data, and Iroquois oral history, Mann and Fields assert that the Iroquois Confederacy's body of law was adopted by the Senecas the last of the five nations to ratify it August 31,
Yasht 8, Tir, Yasht 10, Meher, Yasna 11, Hom Yasht, 4, 7, 10, 13, Yasna 62, Atash Niyayesh, 10; Vendidad Yasht 10, Mihr, 3; Yasht Hom Yasht, Yasna X, 22; XII, A Zoroastrian woman often prayed for a good, healthy child. Atash Niyayesh, Yasna Yasht 5 Aban Among the Achaemenians, a wife who gave birth to many children was a favourite with her husband, who did not like to displease her in any way.
Every year, the king sends rich gifts to the man, who can show the largest number: In the Avesta itself, we find no references to any ceremony or rite during the state of pregnancy. The only allusion we find is this: Coming to later Pahlavi and Persian books, we find, that the Shayest ne-Shayest directs, that, when it is known that a lady of the family has become pregnant, a fire may be maintained most carefully in the house.
The reason, assigned for this in the Pahlavi and Persian books, is that the fire, so kindled in the house, keeps out daevas, i. Again, a fire or a lamp is even now taken to be symbolical of the continuation of a line of offspring.
X, 4; XII, According to the Avesta, in the state of pregnancy, a woman is to be looked after very carefully. It is wrong for the husband to have sexual intercourse with her in her advanced state of  pregnancy, which, according to the Rivayats, commences with the fifth month.
Four months ten days. Shayast ne Shayast, Chap. X, 20; XII, 13, S.
The fifth and the seventh months of pregnancy, observed as days of rejoicing. During pregnancy, the modern Parsees have no religious ceremonies or rites.
Similarly, a day is observed on the completion of the seventh month, and is known as Agharni. These days are observed as auspicious days of rejoicing only in the case of the first pregnancy.
They are observed not in accordance with any religious injunction or with religious ceremonies or rites. The expectancy of a child being a joyful event as said above, these days — especially some day after the completion of the seventh month — are observed as joyous occasions, when the lady who is enceinte is presented with suits of clothes by her parents, relatives, and friends and especially by the family of her husband.
The husband, is in turn, presented with a suit of clothes by the wife's family.
Sweets are sent out as presents by the husband's family to the bride's house and to near relations and friends. In these sweets, one prepared in the form of a cocoanut,30 has a prominent place.
A cocoanut typifies a man's head31 and so it is a symbol of fecundity. Some  of the customs observed on these occasions are more Indian in their origin and signification than originally Persian or Zoroastrian.
The following story connects the cocoanut with a man's head.The Importance of Accountability Essay Words | 11 Pages. The importance of accountability In the army accountability is everything. The definition of accountability is an obligation or willingness to accept responsibility or to account for ones actions.
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Ceremonies of Possession by Patricia Seed Essay Words Jul 21st, 7 Pages Alysha Kurani In Patricia Seed’s Ceremonies of Possession in the Europe’s Conquest of the New World: , several different “possession methods” were displayed from the . Alysha Kurani In Patricia Seed’s Ceremonies of Possession in the Europe’s Conquest of the New World: , several different “possession methods” were displayed from the different groups that conquered the new world.
According to Patricia Seed, author of Ceremonies of Possession in Europe’s Conquest of the New World , the practices performed by the countrymen of England, Spain, France, Portugal and the Netherlands were not “obvious” to each other during the era of the colonization of the Americas. Seed claims that the different colonizers.
In Patricia Seed’s Ceremonies of Possession in the Europe’s Conquest of the New World: , several different “possession methods” were displayed from the .