Top of Page Describe the organism s used in the study. This includes giving the 1 source supplier or where and how the orgranisms were collected2 typical size weight, length, etc3 how they were handled, fed, and housed before the experiment, 4 how they were handled, fed, and housed during the experiment. In genetics studies include the strains or genetic stocks used.
Show all Hide all The main attribute of a good literature review is that it is well Literature review paper structure. A good place to start is to look at other theses, but make sure that you are looking at a good example of a thesis your supervisor may recommend a few for you to look at.
When examining these pieces of work, try to identify the structure and see how they have linked their ideas together. The information in the literature review is synthesised, or brought together to form a cohesive whole. Those who read the review should clearly understand the reasons for selecting your research area or question, its relationship to past work, and the central procedures that have been employed by past investigations.
In addition, they should know the weaknesses of past studies and how your research contributes to this field in the advancement of knowledge. Beginning your review Create a mind map of the concepts that you will discuss in your review, including key words and synonyms. Mind mapping As you review books and journals, write down the topic words that you have selected.
It is suggested that you create a mind map of the all of the terms that apply to your topic before conducting a literature search.
This mind map can then be used to guide your literature search as well as making sure that you discuss pertinent concepts in the review itself. See an example mind map. This mind map and its sections can also be the subsections that you use for storing the results of your research e.
Literature review structure The following is a guide to structuring your literature review based on Newman, Benz, Weis, and McNeil It is recommended that the literature review forms one separate chapter of your thesis. This is most common when the research problem is defined early on and remains relatively unchanged.
However, if the direction of the study changes due to new research findings, then new literature may need to be included in subsequent sections or chapters.
Each sub-section of the suggested review structure will be expanded upon separately. General background information This section is most likely the longest section of the thesis.
An introduction A review of the past and present literature in relation to your research purpose Clarification of the purpose of study General hypotheses to be tested. The review begins with an introduction that discusses the topic, key concepts and terms, and describes the scope and organisation of the review.
You can use the two-topic format or the funnel format see Alternative methods below. Both formats include the identification of key topics that will be covered in the review. In addition, these formats guide the way the review is structured, which makes the writing of the task easier because you can focus on writing one section at a time and keep on track with your review topics.
Theory This section outlines relevant theories that impact your study. You may find it difficult to find information for this section, especially in new fields of research.
Still, even in ground-breaking research, there should be some theoretical foundation upon which your work rests.
There may not be a strong link in this case, but it does help if there is some basis for your work, albeit indirect. Whatever topics you include in your review, they must bear some relationship to your focus.
Though you may not find literature that specifically relates to your topic you should integrate key points from related studies that to allow you to make inferences and indicate what you expect to happen in your study.
Review of the literature on the instruments This section is a review of the literature on the instruments or measures you will use as part of your study. You need to present evidence that supports your choice of instrument over those not chosen.
This section should be focused on relevant literature specific to the study. One suggestion is to examine the most current instruments first and work back from there. You need to include reliability and validity estimates and a description of the samples that have received the instrument.
Summary The summary is a precis of what has been written about in the chapter. It should not be verbose, or a repetition of the entire contents of that chapter, but rather a succinct account of the current state of knowledge on your topic and the instruments used in the study.
In addition, there should be a sense that you have explained the background to your study that endorses the decision you have made to study your topic.Preparing a literature review is a very important part of writing a dissertation.
50% of success depend on your ability to identify and stick to the proper literature review structure. Here you can find a good example of the literature review structure and a definition of . The introduction can be very similar to a conventional research paper, discussing the background of the topic, what is already known in terms of the main lines of enquiry, the gap(s) in the literature, the motivation and aim of the paper related to the gap(s), the research questions, and .
Literature review structure The following is a guide to structuring your literature review based on Newman, Benz, Weis, and McNeil (). It is recommended that the literature review forms one separate chapter of your thesis.
Sample APA Papers: Literature Review This section offers a sample literature review, written by an undergraduate psychology student at Purdue University. Since it's a real paper written by a real student, we haven't corrected the student's errors, but have instead .
Reviews are usually published by experts in the schwenkreis.com familiar with the structure and purpose of reviews will help you navigate scientific literature more confidently, but remember that it is not likely you will be writing a review for publication in a journal until well into your career.
Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: 5. The Literature Review. The purpose of this guide is to provide advice on how to develop and organize a research paper in the social sciences. I. Thinking About Your Literature Review. The structure of a literature review should include the following: An overview of the subject, issue, or.