Branchless banking and Contactless payment In many countries, mobile phones are used to provide mobile banking services, which may include the ability to transfer cash payments by secure SMS text message. Kenya's M-PESA mobile banking service, for example, allows customers of the mobile phone operator Safaricom to hold cash balances which are recorded on their SIM cards. Cash can be deposited or withdrawn from M-PESA accounts at Safaricom retail outlets located throughout the country and can be transferred electronically from person to person and used to pay bills to companies. Branchless banking has also been successful in South Africa and the Philippines.
Mobility and mobile communications, in the sense that they allow people travel from one place to another physically or as a means of communication, can be argued to demarcate the lines between urban and rural, public and private, and work and leisure.
So to speak, everyday life has become more connected and more speeded up. As a result, how spaces are constructed, how they are represented and perceived as well as what they may mean to us have also undergone a transformation.
It seeks to understand and explore how the sharing of locational information and the use of location—awareness in mobile devices contribute to the feeling of co—presence and proximity in maintaining social and familial relationships.
This bond has often been considered to be crucial for individual well—being and for social cohesion, whereas mobility has been regarded as a deviation, associated with uprooted individuals and lacking social integration.
There is a continuous flow of people, goods, and information. As modern individuals have access to many technologies and tools both local and global in their scopethey can establish social contact regardless of differences in place and time [ 8 ].
Experience of motion and travel is directly related to time, space and presence, which define the physical existence and experience of a sense of belonging. The transformations of urban and rural spaces, as well as of everyday life as a consequence of mobility, has been questioned and analysed in many disciplines.
Although mobility is actually not an opposite of place Simonsen,it used to be represented as the opposite of place. However, rather than being opposites, the relationship among place, mobility and mobile communications are interdependent on each other.
On the contrary, mobile technologies can also trigger physical mobility. Hence, attachment, commitment and connection to places, and sense of belonging always exist no matter how mobile our everyday life and social interactions have become.
As argued by Urrythese socialities somehow still require specific co—present and face—to—face interactions. In such an urban space where we are surrounded by synchronised communication technologies and practices, how we establish and maintain social relationships have also been altered.
Hence, in a mobile world where social life revolves around being present and absent, communication technologies, especially mobile communication, gain fundamental importance in everyday life. Therefore by sharing locational information with significant others or social environment, we can, for some, to some extent, feel as if we are — in a sense — travelling to those places, and thus feel more connected.
Methodology In order to understand the ways locational information is shared and used for the purpose of establishing and maintaining social relationships, I conducted 30 in—depth interviews and seven focus groups in London, in and respectively.
Then I asked them to add more places that had particular importance for them in whatever sense they liked on their map.
I also made sure to remind them that the maps they drew did not need to be geographically accurate, but rather should show London as they experienced it in their everyday lives.
As each workshop progressed, after the initial stages of drawing sketch maps, and as the participants started talking about their maps and memories of London, they would typically mention and discuss their use of locative media in relation to different memories, associations and meanings of places in London [ 25 ].
Yet, in the new mobilities paradigm, places themselves are mobile and dynamic Sheller and Urry, Consequently, it is still the first thing that comes into mind when we talk to each other on their phones: As stated and discussed by the participants in the study, it is easy to think of people who now live in London will one day move to other places right after you meet them, meaning that everything and everyone belongs to somewhere else.
In such a transient and international context, how people use mobile and locative media is also affected by feelings of belonging and care for the loved ones.
Findings Analysis of the interview study with smartphone users reveal that creating the feelings of being present and belonging through locational information sharing were among the most common motives for using mobile and locative media.
During the interview study it was also noticeable that the respondents started to use metaphors and even perform how they use their phones such as taking their phones out of their pocket and running the applications on their phones in public places to better explain the ways they interact with places, people and the technology itself.
Therefore, after transcribing and analysing the interview data, I decided to design another study, in which the respondents could create their own representations of places in London and talk about how they use locational information and mobile communication technologies accordingly, reflecting on those individual representations.
Although there were some overlapping themes that emerged from the findings of the interview study and sketch—mapping focus group study, data from the analysis of the latter was more in—depth as participants freely drew their own representations of London, which included frequently visited places or places with special meanings for them, and reflected on their use of mobile and locative media in relation to different constellations of those places.
In this paper, I present and discuss one of the common findings from these two studies, which explains the use of locational information on mobile communication technologies for social interaction, imagined presence as well as place attachment.The main purpose of using mobile equipment and technology in this type of learning was to promote schwenkreis.come design for mobile learning 5 In relation to independent learning in community contexts.
this project provides a useful insight into designing interactivity for cooperative learning. Mobiles for Development (M4D), a more specific iteration of Information and Communication Technologies for Development (ICT4D), refers to the use of mobile technologies in global development strategies.
Focusing on the fields of international and socioeconomic development and human rights, M4D relies on the theory that increased access to. Note: Citations are based on reference standards. However, formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study. The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied.
A candidate for licensure as a teacher of communication arts and literature must complete a preparation program under subpart 2, item C, that must include the candidate’s demonstration of the knowledge and skills in items A to C.
Content, Cognition, and Communication: Philosophical Papers II - Kindle edition by Nathan Salmon. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Content, Cognition, and Communication: 5/5(1).
Seeing with Mobile Images: Towards Perpetual Visual Contact Abstract Mobile Communication”, in Nyíri (ed.), Mobile Communication. Essays on Cognition and Community. Vienna: Passagen Verlag, ; R. Grinter and M. A. Eldridge, “Y do tngrs.