The other is accidental existence, for example man is white, and this is existence secundum quid.
Early life[ edit ] Macaulay was born at Rothley Temple  in Leicestershire on 25 Octoberthe son of Zachary Macaulaya Scottish Highlanderwho became a colonial governor and abolitionistand Selina Mills of Bristola former pupil of Hannah More.
He studied law, and in he was called to the barbut he soon took more interest in a political career.
He likely had an eidetic memory. He also taught himself German, Dutch, and Spanish, and remained fluent in French. His maiden speech was in favour of abolishing the civil disabilities of the Jews in the UK.
Though proud to have helped pass the Reform Bill, Macaulay never ceased to be grateful to his former patron, Lansdowne, who remained a great friend and political ally. India — [ edit ] Macaulay by John Partridge. The financial embarrassment of his father meant that Macaulay became the sole means of support for his family and needed a more remunerative post than he could hold as an MP.
He went to India inand served on the Supreme Council of India between and There was no tradition of secondary education in vernacular languages; the institutions then supported by the East India Company taught either in Sanskrit or Persian.
Hence, he argued, "We have to educate a people who cannot at present be educated by means of their mother-tongue.
We must teach them some foreign language. In one of the less scathing passages of the Minute he wrote: I have no knowledge of either Sanscrit or Arabic.
But I have done what I could to form a correct estimate of their value. I have read translations of the most celebrated Arabic and Sanscrit works. I have conversed both here and at home with men distinguished by their proficiency in the Eastern tongues.
I am quite ready to take the Oriental learning at the valuation of the Orientalists themselves. I have never found one among them who could deny that a single shelf of a good European library was worth the whole native literature of India and Arabia.
It will hardly be disputed, I suppose, that the department of literature in which the Eastern writers stand highest is poetry. And I certainly never met with any orientalist who ventured to maintain that the Arabic and Sanscrit poetry could be compared to that of the great European nations.
But when we pass from works of imagination to works in which facts are recorded and general principles investigated, the superiority of the Europeans becomes absolutely immeasurable. It is, I believe, no exaggeration to say that all the historical information which has been collected from all the books written in the Sanscrit language is less valuable than what may be found in the most paltry abridgments used at preparatory schools in England.
In every branch of physical or moral philosophy, the relative position of the two nations is nearly the same. This would create a class of anglicised Indians who would serve as cultural intermediaries between the British and the Indians; the creation of such a class was necessary before any reform of vernacular education: We must at present do our best to form a class who may be interpreters between us and the millions whom we govern, — a class of persons Indian in blood and colour, but English in tastes, in opinions, in morals and in intellect.
To that class we may leave it to refine the vernacular dialects of the country, to enrich those dialects with terms of science borrowed from the Western nomenclature, and to render them by degrees fit vehicles for conveying knowledge to the great mass of the population.
His final years in India were devoted to the creation of a Penal Code, as the leading member of the Law Commission. The Indian Penal Code inspired counterparts in most other British coloniesand to date many of these laws are still in effect in places as far apart as PakistanSingapore, BangladeshSri Lanka, Nigeria and Zimbabweas well as in India itself.
Returning to Britain inhe became MP for Edinburgh in the following year. In the election of he lost his seat in Edinburgh.
He accepted on the express condition that he need not campaign and would not pledge himself to a position on any political issue. Remarkably, he was elected on those terms. His weakness after suffering a heart attack caused him to postpone for several months making his speech of thanks to the Edinburgh voters.Browse over educational resources created by The Daring English Teacher in the official Teachers Pay Teachers store.
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Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay, FRS FRSE PC (25 October – 28 December ) was a British historian and Whig politician.
He wrote extensively as an essayist, on contemporary and historical sociopolitical subjects, and as a reviewer. Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay, FRS FRSE PC (25 October – 28 December ) was a British historian and Whig politician.
He wrote extensively as an essayist, on contemporary and historical sociopolitical subjects, and as a reviewer. I have been teaching the art of good writing to students since and outside of class I help students create successful college and scholarship essays.