Introduction The word empire might conjure images of ancient Rome, the Persian Empire, or the British Empire—powers that depended variously on military conquest, colonization, occupation, or direct resource exploitation—but empires can take many forms and imperial processes can occur in many contexts.
Though they have not always received the credit. These young men were recruited by bandleader Lt. It was in France that the band first introduced jazz to European audiences, and also where they made their first recordings.
Yet in the film Jazzthe Ken Burns documentary miniseries released inPuerto Rican and Latin jazz musicians are hardly mentioned. This dismissive approach has also extended to hip-hop music where Puerto Ricans can often be relegated to a secondary role. Raquel Rivera makes a point to reaffirm the contributions of the many Puerto Rican b-boys, graffiti artists, DJs, and MCs who were around for the early years of hip-hop culture.
The book also analyzes the racial and cultural identity politics that exist between Puerto Ricans and African-Americans living in New York City. In addition, Rivera examines the marginalized role of Puerto Ricans in the hip-hop industry, noting the commercial success of Big Pun as a significant turning point.
Yet unlike the birth of hip-hop culture in the South Bronx during the s, the salsa generation has two origin stories. In the aptly titled Salsa Rising: New York Latin Music of the Sixties Generationformer Centro director Juan Flores chronicles the early years of what will eventually be known as salsa, from Flores also provides a brief overview of the period betweenwhich overlaps with the timeline of Dr.
Much like the story of the young Puerto Rican musicians who played in the th Regiment Marching Band, Serrano works to establish the presence of Puerto Ricans in jazz music decades before it could be conflated with what is characterized as Latin jazz.
Like Flores, Serrano also provides some background on the musical history of Puerto Rico, drawing parallels between the improvisational quality of bomba and jazz hence the title reference.
The common thread in each of these books is of course the Puerto Rican diaspora. In discussing the Harlem Hellfighters, for example, Serrano makes reference to the Jones Act of and the racial integration of Puerto Rican musicians into an all-black army regiment. His profiles of each musician also provide detailed accounts of their lives in the United States from the s and onwards.
This list is just an introduction to the many contributions by Puerto Rican musicians throughout the 20th century.
My Music is My Flag: There are also magazine articles, oral histories, documentaries such Our Latin Thingand other sources to consider. Yet more research needs to be done to fill in the gaps and build upon the scholarship now available.Unit 4: US History H.
STUDY. This was a conflict in which the U.S. gained many island territories, especially Puerto Rico and the Philippines. This was the nickname for the Balkan states during the early 20th century due to the overlapping claims of other imperialist nations.
Map of the departments of Puerto Rico during Spanish provincial times Puerto Rico formed a key part of the Spanish Empire from the early years of the exploration, The first years of the 20th century were marked by the struggle to obtain greater democratic rights from the United States.
Chapter IV focuses on the presence of the Americans in Puerto Rico during the early part of the twentieth century and their subsequent development of the sugarcane industry there. During this time, the United States military occupied Puerto Rico.
Due to this occupation, the native islanders.
During the 20th century, the Caribbean became an economic appendage of the United States, subject to its geo-strategic needs.
The United States’ geo-military strategy in the region during the 20th century was determined in large part by the Panama Canal. During the 20th century many Hispanic immigrants came to United States fleeing the poverty, violence, and dictatorial regimes of Latin America and emigrated mainly to Southwest, New York, New Jersey, Illinois and Florida, although the Hispanics and Latinos emigrated through the country.
Throughout the 20th century, from the birth of jazz to hip-hop, Puerto Ricans played a significant role in shaping the musical landscape of the United States, and to an extent, the rest of the world.